Climate change adaptation and mitigation

In the earlier periods, EOC-DICAC was largely engaged on humanitarian responses which were basically caused by drought and war. But, latter EOC-DICAC begun rehabilitation, Farm-forestry and Integrated rural development projects. Recently, the recurring drought in the country is as old as EOC-DICAC and its magnitude and frequency is still increasing. Lately it is anticipated that the recurring drought in the country and the horn of Africa is associated with climate change. Even before this kind of interpretation and understanding, EOC-DICAC was been involved in climate change adaptation and mitigation through the implementation of relief, rehabilitation and disaster risk redaction projects.

 

1.1. Humanitarian assistance and rehabilitation

EOCDICAC was actively involved in life saving humanitarian support to respond to immediate climate change induced calamities such us drought, flood, land slide and others, through providing food, utensils and clothing aids, health care and psychosocial supports. EOC-DICAC was actively involved in the life saving operation of the 1974/75 and 1984/85 devastating drought using donations obtained from multi- and bilateral-agencies and governments. As a follow-up of the humanitarian assistance of climate change induced incidences, EOC-DICAC has been implementing rehabilitation projects that aim at restoring the capacity of the affected communities and the environment. The rehabilitation projects interventions include provision of minimum start-up materials and inputs such as farm tools, ox, small ruminants and seed. Restoring and rehabilitating degraded environments through implementation of physical and biological soil and water conservation measures. These provision and supports created enabling environment to the affected community to come back to the condition before the disaster and lead normal life. The rehabilitation projects were in different districts of Amhara and Tegray regions such As Dabat, Debark, Mida-Oromo, Estayish, Chercher-Mehoni, and Hamusit. As a follow-up of the rehabilitation, some of the projects scaled up the intervention and engaged on development through implementation of integrated rural development.

 

1.2. Disaster risk reduction projects (DRRPs)

As the disasters and risks in Ethiopia become repeated phenomena, EOC-DICAC engaged in excelling the rehabilitation interventions to enhancing resilience of vulnerable community through implementation of integrated rural development, food security and disaster risk reduction projects. The very nature of the integrated rural development project is the implementation of various interrelated and complimentary activities in post-rehabilitation and/or vulnerable areas. Similarly, food security projects were implemented in vulnerable and food insecure areas manly focusing on the attainment of household food security by executing pertinent interventions which lead to address the three pillars of food security, i.e., food availability, food-access, and food absorption. Likewise, disaster risk reduction projects have been implemented in vulnerable areas as a follow-up of relief and rehabilitation projects by implementing selected key activities in order to build resilience of the community to the recurring shocks. EOC-DICAC has also implemented natural resources conservation intervention such as farm-forestry as well as environmental rehabilitation projects and exclosure in degraded and drought prone areas for restoration of degraded lands and improvement of the environmental condition. Beside, the environmental condition restoration, these interventions have positive effect on the agricultural production and in-situ and/or offsite hydrology. In degraded areas and hillsides EOC-DICAC promote exclosure by protecting them from human and animal interference and on the other hand promote self restoration through natural regeneration.

Now a day’s the practice is widely replicated and helped rehabilitation of larger areas particularly in the northern parts of the country. Economy and livelihood of the country’s population is mainly based on agriculture. Conversely, this sector is dominantly depends on climate change influenced unreliable rainfall that considerably reduce or totally cut agricultural production. Therefore, the overall purpose of integrated rural development, food security and disaster risk reduction projects of EOC-DICAC are to develop community resilience to shocks and attainment of household food security. In this regard, in the past, EOC-DICAC through its development department implemented over 13 integrated rural development (Aynalem, Bugna, Chercher-Mehoni, Dehana, Mida-Oromo, Elala, Ensaro-Wayu, Estayish, Goncha, Hagere-Mariam, Kokir, Seharti, and Wogera IRDPs) 4 food security (Sodo, Wadla, Mekdela and Enda-Mehoni) and 4 farm forestry (North Showa, Gonder, Wello and Tigray) projects. The commission has also been implementing Haik integrated rural development and Arsi-Robe disaster risk reduction projects in Amhara and Oromia regions, respectively.

 

Table 3 Description of operational projects disaster risk redaction sector

No_

Project title

Period

Budget (Ethiopian birr)

Beneficiary (#)

Funding partner

Location

1

Haik IRDP

Jan., 2013 – Dec., 2014

4,289,996

16,008

Filantropia

Tehuledere district, Amhara region

2

Arsi-Robe DRR and RLIP

Jan., 2013 – Dec., 2015

5,794,000

40,558

Church of Sweden

Arsi-Robe district of Oromia region

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